In ancient India, literature originated from stories that were originally orally transmitted. Early genres included drama , fables , sutras and epic poetry . Sanskrit literature begins with the Vedas , dating back to 1500–1000 BCE, and continues with the Sanskrit Epics of Iron Age India . The Vedas are among the oldest sacred texts . The Samhitas (vedic collections) date to roughly 1500–1000 BCE, and the "circum-Vedic" texts, as well as the redaction of the Samhitas, date to c. 1000‒500 BCE, resulting in a Vedic period , spanning the mid-2nd to mid 1st millennium BCE, or the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age .  The period between approximately the 6th to 1st centuries BC saw the composition and redaction of the two most influential Indian epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana , with subsequent redaction progressing down to the 4th century AD. Other major literary works are Ramcharitmanas & Krishnacharitmanas.
Garza, Horwitz, and Saito (202) investigated in foreign language reading anxiety. Three-hundred eighty-three students enrolled in first-semester university French, Japanese, and Russian courses (n=192 for French, 114 for Japanese, and 77 for Russian) participated in this study. Two instruments were used in this study: the FLCAS3 and an instrument specifically developed to measure anxiety related to FL reading, the Foreign Language Reading Anxiety Scale (FLRAS). The finding indicates that students with higher levels of FL anxiety also tended to have higher levels of FL reading anxiety and vice versa.