One of the professed aims of the government’s reforms was to increase the ‘demand’ (that is, the difficulty) of qualifications. Yet almost all of the changes would seem to point in the opposite direction. They make it easier for teachers to ‘teach to the test’, and for students to simply regurgitate content in the examination. The new specifications require a superficial grasp of a large quantity of material, and very little in-depth engagement. The marginalization of practical work undermines a key opportunity for creativity, and for exploring and generating new theoretical insights. None of this provides anything like effective preparation for university courses, which is one of the primary functions of A-levels.
According to ManTech 1970 environmental science attempts to solve the major environmental problems with the help of interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approaches ., the entire knowledge of all the disciplines of science such as Math's, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Geology, Geography, Computer Science, Medical Science and Biotechnology, as well as of social sciences such as Economics Sociology and Psychology. Because, Multidisciplinary Nature of Environmental Studies. Some Major Problems/Issues to be addressed in Environmental Science Biodiversity Conservation. Resource Recovery, Waste Disposal and Treatment.