Liver biopsy is an invasive and sometimes painful procedure that is also expensive (in 2002, direct costs associated with liver biopsy were $1,500–2,000). In some instances, blood tests may provide enough information to health care providers to make an accurate diagnosis and therefore avoid a biopsy. Occasionally, a biopsy may be obtained using a laparoscope (an instrument inserted through the abdominal wall that allows the doctor to visualize the liver and obtain a sample) or during surgery if the patient is undergoing an operation on the abdomen.
A good and stable relationship between partners is conducive to a happy marriage, and we often don't know what the underlying cause of our conflicts is. The ability to assess the likelihood of a healthy long term relationship is one of the main challenges in dating and matchmaking. Jung Marriage Test™ addresses this challenge. The test identifies potentially successful and potentially problematic matches by comparing and analysing personality types of the partners. Personality type is defined by the three criteria introduced by Carl Jung: