Marriage is a contract under law, binding the couple to various rights and obligations pertaining to property, children and maintenance of the partners. When a marriage breaks down and the partners separate (or divorce) then provisions for these marital obligations must be put in place.
Recent amendments to the Family Law Act which came into effect on 1st March 2009 now give de facto couples (inc same gender couples) the same access to the law as married couples have had since 1975. So now entitlements fall under these laws.
Part of the marriage separation process may involve a separation agreement. Separation Property settlements may be resolved by entering into a financial agreement or an agreement with ‘consent orders’ being made by a family law court.
In 1967, two family protection bills were proposed. Majles representatives, including Mehrangiz Dowlatshahi , presented the bill which would later become law.  Female Senator Manhouchehrian presented a more progressive bill which was signed by 15 senators.  However, when some of the media presented an exaggerated take on the progressive bill, Manhouchehrian had to leave Tehran until the publicity died down, and possible threats to her safety subsided. As a consequence, the family law articles on polygamy and child custody were not addressed until 1975. Nonetheless the Family Protection Law abolished extrajudicial divorce, greatly limited polygyny , and established special Family Courts for dealing with matters relating to the new personal status legislation. 
If you have any concerns about your safety while attending court, please call 1300 352 000 before your court appointment or hearing. Options for your safety at court will be discussed and arrangements put in place. By law, people must inform a court if there is an existing or pending family violence order involving themselves or their children. More detail is available in the brochure ‘ Do you have fears for your safety when attending court? ’ available at registry offices or visit or .