It is the place where Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, golden temple, Qutab Minar, Red Fort, Ooty, Nilgiris, Kashmir, Kajuraho, Ajanta and Ellora caves, etc wonders exist. It is the country of great rivers, mountains, valleys, lakes and oceans. The national language of India is Hindi. It is a country where 29 states and UTs. It has 28 states which again have many small villages. It is a chief agricultural country famous for producing sugarcane, cotton, jute, rice, wheat, cereals etc crops. It is a country where great leaders (Shivaji, Gandhiji, Nehru, Dr. Ambedkar, etc), great scientists (Dr. Jagadeeshchandra Bose, Dr Homi Bhabha, Dr. C. V Raman, Dr. Naralikar, etc) and great reformers (Mother Teresa, Pandurangashastri Alhavale, T. N. Sheshan) took birth. It is a country where diversity exists with strong unity and peace.
Bhabani Bhattacharya (1906-1988) is one of the novelists of the older generation of Indo - Anglian writers. He is endowed with a transparently positive vision of life, explored and expressed artistically in his novels. He throws that the novel must have a social purpose, his stories abound in social and historical realities, quite often bitter and gruesome, such as the Bengal Famine of 1943, the tragedies of freedom struggle and partition, and the evils of poverty, corruption, ignorance, superstition, exploitation, greed etc. Bhattacharya affirms that an artist should inevitably be concerned with truths and social reality. In his first six novels, Bhattacharya has treated culture with different angles. His first five novels are set against Indian social sense in the perspectives of world shaking historical events, whereas the sixth one has its setting both in India and America's Hawaii Island and deals with the theme of spiritual quest. His novels are So Many Hungers (1947), Music for Mohini (1952), He Who Rides Tiger (1955), The Goddess Named Gold (1960), and Shadow From Ladakh (1966), A Dream of Hawaai (1978).
The emergence of science and revolt against romantic excess concluded in consolidating the position of realism in fiction. A realistic novel makes reality more real for our own sake and for the sake of posterity, Indo-English novelist have tried their ends to give the graphic to our awareness and insight often time as novelist, in order to reveal to us the involutions of a living cell, combines the use o a realistic novel we feel and realize that such things have been happening in the universe for ages past without our being conscious of them for the one reason or the other. In a realistic novel we can easily transfer our identity to some of the characters and out of his identification we can derive vicarious pleasure. It is also a source of enriching our own personality because while continuing to live our own life we share to the full the experiences of the character in the novel. A novel of psychological realism gives us a finer number of years. It also gives us the finer types of pleasure-because it offers as a rare insight into the different levels of consciousness and experience. The significance of realism lies in the fact that enables us to give proper appraisal of life. Poetry is a constituent of a realistic novel. One can't eschew poetry from the texture of realistic novel. We can't deny creative imagination, dream sequence, poetic colouring of events and incidents, psychological insight in the assessment of human personality from a realist novelist. Realism is a "many-splendoured" thing it has its sociological, aesthetic, political, regional, and psychological nuances which merit a careful study in depth especially when we have to take stock of currents and cross currents affecting for better worse-the authenticity, the literary excellence and credibility of much of Indian-English fiction. Undoubtedly, the realistic movement both in the East and the West gathered strength in the mid 19th century, as a reaction against traditional sentimental sloppy stuff-mysteries, romance, legends, myths, religious rituals and utopias of wish fulfilment. A sort of psychological realism has also surfaces in Indian English a novel which goes by the name of stream of consciousness. The tendency is applicable for the introspective, brooding and dreaming temperament of the Indians. In Anand's Untouchable and Narayan's The Guide the device is used to advantage. The impact of this technique is clearly on the Indian English novelists for often in the midst of narration, we have memories, flashbacks, longings-which well nigh destroy the objects ground in their native form and colour only to let them emerge a fresh as infinitesimal particles floating a draft in the stream of consciousness of the hero. The English Indian Novelist is well aware of the danger of handling of this technique which sacrifices reality for the sake of illusion. The more of realism gave the novelist scope for camera fidelity to portray the contemporary history of national independence struggle; significant revolutions have always been potent mines of material or fiction.